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Clear Signs of Revival on Commercial Property Market in Poland

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The commercial property market in Poland has seen a flurry of activity, showing optimism returning amongst most key players to pre-recession levels, according to “Marketbeat Poland – Autumn 2014”, prepared by Cushman & Wakefield, summarising the first half of 2014. Cushman & Wakefield’s analysis indicates a revival in all property sectors. Warsaw shows a record number of development projects in the pipeline and under construction. Modern retail developments are underway in Poland’s smaller cities, with the country’s total retail stock now exceeding 10 million sq m. Strong demand for warehouse space helped increase the sector’s share in total investment volume.   

The „Marketbeat Poland – Autumn 2014” presents a summary analysis of the Polish office, retail and warehouse markets in H1 2014, with forecasts for the near future.


Commercial investment market:

  • Polish commercial investment market volume in H1 2014 reached EUR 1.4bn
  • The largest deal was the sale of Rondo 1 office building for around EUR 300m
  • Investors will turn their focus to regional cities in the search for office buildings and to cities with a population of 100,000 to 400,000 offering modern and successful retail developments

Office sector:

  • Rising supply in Warsaw will increase competition for tenants within the next few quarters
  • Levels of pre-lets continue to fall
  • Stable development of regional markets and a large number of projects under construction and in the pipeline

Retail sector:

  • The first half of the year saw a number of openings of galleries in smaller-sized cities, with the country’s total retail stock exceeding 10 million sq m
  • Expansion of convenience store chains across Poland (e.g. Carrefour Express and Odido)
  • Warsaw with one of the lowest provision of shopping centre space per 1,000 inhabitants awaits the construction of new large scale shopping centres

Warehouse sector:

  • The volume of space delivered onto the market in H1 2014 was close to the total supply recorded in 2013
  • Take-up rose in H1 2014 by 20% compared with H1 2013
  • The vacancy rate fell significantly


  • 330,000 sq m – expected total office supply in Warsaw in 2014, the highest since 2000
  • 77% – a rise in investment activity in the warehouse sector in H1 2014, comparing to H1 2013
  • 75,000 sq m – the size of the biggest retail scheme completed in the first half of the year (Atrium Felicity in Lublin)


“The revival in the commercial property market in Poland is apparent. This bounce in the sector mirrors the marked improvement in the overall economy seen last year. Strong development activity and stable occupier demand helped attract foreign investors’ interest. The country is perceived not only as leader in Central Europe but also as an attractive investment alternative to more developed western European economies” – says Charles Taylor, Managing Partner of the Polish office of property consultant Cushman & Wakefield.

Investment market

Polish commercial investment market volume in H1 2014 reached EUR 1.4bn, a rise of more than 27% on the same period of the previous year. As in previous years, investors from Germany, the US and the UK were the main driver of this growth with their share in the transaction volume of around 85%. Polish investors accounted for around 5% of all deals, roughly the same as in 2013.

The office sector accounted for 51.5% of the total transaction volume (EUR 719m). The largest deal was DeAWM’s acquisition of Rondo 1 in the Warsaw city’s core for around EUR 300m. Retail sector accounted for 26.5% and performed less strongly than in 2013 with the transaction volume of around EUR 370m. The Poznań City Center shopping centre acquired by a consortium of Resolution Property and ECE accounted for nearly two-thirds of that total. Investment activity surged in the warehouse sector with EUR 307.6m of deals in H1 2014 (22% of total investment volume). The largest transaction was the sale of the portfolio of seven logistics facilities by Standard Life Investments Select Property Fund to Logicor, a fund managed by Blackstone.

“Demand for prime assets remains strong. Although the availability of those properties has been limited, the situation is now improving, in particular, in the office sector, both in Warsaw, which witnesses a large number of new development projects, and in regional cities. High quality, income producing assets with long-term secure leases are the most sought-after products. On the retail market investors are likely to turn their focus in the forthcoming months to cities with a population of 100,000 to 400,000 offering a number of modern and successful retail properties. Following the positive sentiments on the investment market, the transaction volume is expected to hit more than EUR 3bn by the end of 2014” – says Piotr Kaszyński, Partner, Head of Capital Markets of Cushman & Wakefield.

Office sector

Warsaw’s modern office space stock rose to more than 4.3 million sq m at the end of June 2014 (434 buildings) ahead of Istanbul, Dublin and Prague. In H1 2014, more than 190,000 sq m of modern office space was delivered onto the Warsaw market in 17 schemes, nearly 40,000 sq m more than in H1 2013. The largest completions were HB Reavis’ Gdański Business Center (44,500 sq m) and phase one of Capital Park’s Eurocentrum Office Complex (38,700 sq m). Leasing activity at the end of Q2 2014 totalled 259,000 sq m. The largest transaction was Netia’s lease renewal of 13,200 sq m in Marynarska Business Park. Absorption rate has also increased. The rising office supply pushed the vacancy rate in Warsaw up to more than 13% at the end of Q2 2014. Prime headline rents remained flat in H1 2014 and did not exceed EUR 25/sq m/month in Warsaw’s Core.

Total modern office stock in the six main cities, apart from Warsaw, at the end of the second quarter this year stood at 2.6 million sq m. Krakow accounted for the largest share in the first half of the year (60,000 sq m). It also enjoyed the lowest vacancy rate (less than 3.6%). The largest completion in regional cities was Green Day in Wrocław (15,300 sq m, Skanska). The largest office lease transactions in H1 2014 in regional cities was HSBC in Kapelanka 42 in Krakow (10,500 sq m). Headline rents in regional cities ranged from EUR 13/sq m/month in Łódź to EUR 15/sq m/month in Krakow.

“The developers market in Warsaw is steadily consolidating with an increasingly dominant position of large specialized market players. Expected total office supply in Warsaw in 2014 may exceed 330,000 sq m, the highest since 2000. Looking at the development and occupier market it must be noted that the significant number of office projects in the pipeline in the capital, with falling levels of pre-lets will increase competition for tenants in the next few quarters. The main growth drivers are the stable economic situation and improvements in the infrastructure, including the planned opening of the second metro line. The noted low vacancy level in regional cities, in particular in Krakow and Katowice, is a positive sign for the schemes’ owners and developers. Tenants seeking large space in cities outside Warsaw will be able to choose from a relatively large number of new projects, currently in the pipeline or under construction” – says Richard Aboo, Partner, Head of Office department of Cushman & Wakefield.

Retail sector

New retail space supply in H1 2014 totalled 245,000 sq m, up by more than 20% on the figure recorded in the same period of 2013, bringing Poland’s total stock to more than 10 million sq m. By the end of June 2014, eleven new retail schemes were opened and two extensions were completed. The first half of this year saw a flurry of new shopping centre openings in secondary markets in contrast to 2013. The biggest retail scheme completed in the first half of the year was Atrium Felicity in Lublin (75,000 sq m), which opened in March, being also the largest shopping centre scheduled for 2014. The other new retail schemes were opened in cities like Kalisz, Kutno, Ostrołęka and Siedlce.

The average vacancy rate for retail properties in cities above 200,000 inhabitants is 3%. Among the eight largest Polish cities, Wroclaw and Poznan show the highest provision of shopping centre space per 1,000 inhabitants, with Warsaw and Szczecin noting the lowest. The highest rents are in Warsaw’s prime shopping centres at EUR 80-90/sq m/month for a clothing unit of 100-150 sq m and at EUR 120-140/sq m/month for the most attractive units. In the other seven conurbations rents stand at EUR 35-45/sq m/month, and at EUR 20-25/sq m/month in small and medium-sized cities.

Looking at various retail formats, it is worth mentioning that convenience stores, in particular, operating as a franchise, are enjoying a growing popularity. The key market players are Żabka, Freshmarket, Carrefour Express and belonging to Metro Group, the owner of Makro Cash & Carry, retail chain Odido (opening of around 2,000 stores during the last three years). In the food sector, apart from the convenience sector, the expansion of super and hypermarkets has been put on hold. DIY and retail park sector has also adopted a cautious approach to expansion. Developers of outlet centres, on the other hand, have decided to open new stores. The construction has begun on the development of Outlet Centre in Lublin (12,000 sq m), Outlet Centre in Białystok (13,000 sq m) and the extension of Factory Ursus in Warsaw.

“Poland’s modern retail supply will total 495,000 sq m in 2014, a fall of 24% on 2013’s record figure. It must be noted, however, that last year was a record one. Warsaw remains the city with the lowest shopping centre space provision for 1,000 inhabitants. The situation might change, given the number of new large-scale projects that are currently at a various planning stage. Secondary schemes in more difficult markets with clear oversupply record rising vacancy levels. In those locations tenants are putting pressure on landlords, seeking financial contributions and rental levels adjusted to generated turnover” – says Marek Noetzel, Partner, Head of Retail department of Cushman & Wakefield.

Warehouse sector

At the end of June 2014 total modern warehouse stock in Poland reached 8,200,000 sq m. Around 340,000 sq m of warehouse space was delivered in Poland in H1 2014, nearly as much as in the twelve months of 2013. At the end of June 2014 around 863,000 sq m of warehouse space was under construction. This year’s supply is expected to be the highest in the last five years. The largest completions in H1 2014 included Castorama’s BTS project in Stryków (50,000 sq m) developed by Panattoni. The largest developments underway are being carried out for Amazon (three schemes) and Goodman Poznań II Logistics Centre (82,000 sq m).

Leasing activity was robust in H1 2014 with take-up reaching 1,044,000 sq m, a rise of 20% compared to the same period in 2013. New lease agreements accounted for 54%, indicating continued warehouse sector growth in Poland. Demand structure by sectors remained unchanged compared with past years. The two largest lease transactions were made by large retail chains. Carrefour renewed its lease for 46,000 sq m in Distribution Park Będzin, and POLOmarket leased 40,000 sqm in Goodman Konin.

Despite large supply, the vacancy rate fell from 10.9% at year-end 2013 to 8.8% at the end of June. The highest rents were posted in Warsaw’s inner city (EUR 4.40–5,50/sq m/month) while the lowest were in Central Poland (EUR 2.40–3.95/sq m/month) and in the Warsaw suburbs (EUR 2.40-3.80/sq m/month). In the remaining regions, rents were around EUR 2.90–3.60/sq m/month.

“Clear improvement in the warehouse market is evident in the supply and demand data as well as in increasing confidence of all market players. The activity remained focused on the Warsaw region, featuring most modern facilities, however, it was Poznan which saw most new warehouse completions. The Wielkopolska region is also likely to witness the highest development activity. Falling vacancies can be seen across Poland. We expect that part of development pipeline in the regions with low vacancy rate will be developed speculatively, without signing pre-lets” – says Tom Listowski, Partner, Head of Industrial in Poland & CEE Corporate Relations at Cushman & Wakefield.


Eliza Bingul

Associate Director

Warsaw, Poland

Phone +48 228202128

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